- Capital : Sokoto
- Website : www.sokotostate.gov.ng
- Governor : Aminu Tambuwal
- ISO 3166 code : NG-SO
Created on 3 February, 1976, Sokoto state covers a total area of 25,973 km2 (10,028 sq mi) and has a total population of 3,702,676 as at the 2006 census. With an average population density of 170/km2 (440/sq mi) and a total GDP (2010) of $4,818 Million, at $1,274 Per Capita.
Sokoto State is located in the extreme northwest of Nigeria, near to the confluence of the Sokoto River and the Rima River. Sokoto City is the modern day capital of Sokoto State (and its predecessor, the Northwestern State). The name Sokoto (which is the modern/anglicised version of the local name, Sakkwato) is of Arabic origin, representing suk, 'market'. It is also known as Sakkwato, Birnin Shaihu da Bello or "Sokoto, Capital of Shaihu and Bello"). Being the seat of the former Sokoto Caliphate, the city is predominantly Muslim and an important seat of Islamic learning in Nigeria. The Sultan who heads the caliphate is effectively the spiritual leader of Nigerian Muslims.
Livestock production is a major activity in Sokoto State: There is an estimated 15 million head of livestock - cattle, camel, sheep, goats etc - making the state second to Borno State in livestock production.
Aminu Waziri Tambuwal (born January 10, 1966) is the Governor of Sokoto State. He was elected as Governor after the April 11th General Elections. He is also the former Speaker of the House of Representatives of Nigeria. He is an All Progressives Congress(APC) member and represented the Kebbe/Tambuwal Federal Constituency of Sokoto State.